Today, liposuction, which is one of the surgeries about which a lot of misinformation circulates, is referred to as "fat suction" or "fat removal operation" in Turkish. This process, which is performed to eliminate excess fat accumulated in different parts of the body, should not be seen as a direct slimming or weight loss tool. At this point, it is very important to have a healthy diet both for your health and to get rid of excess weight. You can easily reach your desired weight with a controlled diet and regular physical activity. However, if you have fat deposits that do not melt in your body despite reaching your dream weight, then you can consider liposuction as an effective solution.
What is Liposuction?
The word "lipo", which is the root of the word liposuction, means fat in Latin. However, with liposuction, the fat cells are completely absorbed, not the excess fat in the body. Knowing the distinction between these two processes is extremely important in terms of having accurate information about the liposuction operation. Because the number of fat cells in humans does not normally change after puberty. The regions where the excess fat accumulated in the body will be stored with weight gain is determined depending on the number of these fat cells.
For example, if the number of fat cells in the belly area is higher than the other parts of your body, the excess fat accumulated in the body settles into these cells. When liposuction is performed, the number of fat cells is reduced and fat accumulation in certain areas is prevented. In other words, when the number of fat cells in the belly region of the individual in the same example is halved thanks to the fat removal operation, the person does not have a navel body type as before, even though there is excess fat accumulation in his body.
How is Liposuction Surgery Performed?
Three different methods are used for liposuction/surgery, in which fat cells that resist to survive in the body are removed despite losing weight with diet and exercise. The first of these methods is the classical method called “Wet Technique” or “Tumescent Technique”, and among the technological methods developed to achieve more aesthetic results are “Ultrasonic (Vazer) Liposuction” and “Laser Liposuction”.
Classical Technique (Integral Technique) Liposuction
Wet technique is generally used in liposuction surgeries. In this method, before the suction process, the fat cells in the relevant area are filled with liquid and these cells are inflated. The filled liquid contains substances such as adrenaline, which stops bleeding, and lidocaine, which has pain-relieving properties.
After the inflating the cells with the liquid, thin tubes with a diameter of 2-6 mm extending under the skin from the incisions made on the skin reach the relevant fat cells. The vacuum device to which these pipes are connected is moved over the body to absorb unwanted excess fat cells in the body.
In this method, firstly, the area to be operated is reached with the help of small tubes used during the surgery. By applying ultrasonic vibrations in this area, the fat cells are softened and the softened fat cells can be absorbed more easily. With the classical applications after the softening process, the liposuction process is completed.
In this method, laser beams are sent to the excess fat cells in the area to be operated with 2-3 mm fibercannulas, and these cells are transformed from solid to liquid state. Then, the absorption process is performed with thin cannulas that are transmitted under the skin through the millimetrically opened incisions. The fact that these cannulas are thinner than those used in the classical technique eliminates the problem of postoperative scarring.
What Awaits You After Liposuction? What You Need to Know About Surgery and Post-Surgery
Time of Hospitalization: Local or general anesthesia can be applied in liposuction surgery. If laser liposuction is to be applied, general anesthesia can be applied.